Competencies: 741.2.2: Research Questions – The graduate formulates effective research questions that allow for the investigation of clinical problems. 741.2.3: Research Sources – The graduate evaluates the credibility and relevance of sources of information using the research process. 741.2.5: The Research Process – The graduate analyzes the benefits and limitations of various research methodologies. 741.2.8: Implementing Research Findings – The graduate integrates strategies for promoting the implementation of evidence-based practice using translational science.
Nursing and healthcare is evidence-based, meaning we use evidence to develop or examine care processes (Schmidt & Brown, 2011). Additionally, nursing relies on concise communication and scholarly research and writings to share knowledge (Garrard, 2007). In this project, you will write a review of literature of primary research on a topic of your choice in nursing or healthcare. Your topic should be related to your clinical expertise, your views of nursing processes, or your concerns in healthcare. Your topic should be a problem that is important to nursing practice.
In your essay, you will present your literature review using two of the most common tools of evidence-based practice (EBP): a matrix to summarize the structure of the primary/original research gathered and an annotated bibliography to summarize the findings of each piece of research. A learning resource is available to you on how to use matrices of research in the text by Garrard (2007), located in your course of study.
Additionally, professional nursing practice often requires us to demonstrate EBP skills in career ladders or job applications. Your review of literature should reflect your scholarship and your abilities to support changing or improving practice through evidence. Think of your peers seeing your research as they learn the latest evidence on your topic, or think of those interviewing you for new positions and how they would critique your EBP skills and scholarship.
Write a literature review of your chosen topic by doing the following:
A. Discuss your topic under investigation, including how it is important to nursing.
Note: You may use pieces of the primary research you gather in part D as in-text citations to support your discussion.
B. Develop a problem statement, including the reason for performing a literature review on your topic.
C. Evaluate five resources or databases that you may consider using for your primary research, including a review of their value and credibility to your chosen topic.
D. Gather ten pieces of primary research on your topic, making sure the research is related to nursing care or processes.
1. Complete the attached “Evidence-Based Practice Matrix” for your ten primary credible research sources.
Note: Credible sources are less than five years old and may include professional journals, research reports, professional Web sites, governmental reports, current texts less than five years old, and presentations from professional meetings.
Note: The APA format for text inserted into tables/matrices should be singled spaced and written in phrases, not complete sentences.
2. Develop an annotated bibliography for each piece of research included in your matrix.
Note: See annotated bibliography examples in the web links section below.
E. Discuss the results of your original search strategy, including the resources, databases, and keywords used.
1. Discuss how you revised or could have revised your search strategy to improve your search results.
F. Summarize the major points of the research you gathered, organizing groups of similar evidence by topic that communicates the content of your literature.
1. Compare similar and disparate findings.
G. Recommend a best-practice in nursing for your chosen topic.
1. Justify your recommendation based on your literature review.
H. Discuss any remaining gaps in knowledge on your topic based on your literature review.
I. Reflect on how you, as a nursing leader, can create an environment of evidence-based practice and a culture of inquiry in the workplace.
J. When you use sources, include all in-text citations and references in APA format.
Note: For definitions of terms commonly used in the rubric, see the Rubric Terms web link included in the Evaluation Procedures section.
Note: When using sources to support ideas and elements in a paper or project, the submission MUST include APA formatted in-text citations with a corresponding reference list for any direct quotes or paraphrasing. It is not necessary to list sources that were consulted if they have not been quoted or paraphrased in the text of the paper or project.
Note: No more than a combined total of 30% of a submission can be directly quoted or closely paraphrased from outside sources, even if cited correctly. For tips on using APA style, please refer to the APA Handout web link included in the APA Guidelines section.
Note: This reference list refers only to direct citations in the project above and may be different from those you need to complete the project. Consult your Course of Study for a list of suggested learning resources.
Schmidt, N. A., & Brown, J. M. (2011). Evidence-based practice for nurses: Appraisal and application of research (2nd ed.). Sudbury, MA: Jones & Bartlett Learning.
Garrard, J. (2007). Health sciences literature review made easy: The matrix method (2nd ed.). Sudbury, MA: Jones & Bartlett Learning.
1. Evidence-Based Practice Matrix
Annotated Bibliography (Purdue Lab) https://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/614/01/