Philip Martin and Elizabeth Midgley: “Immigration: Shaping and Reshaping America”
Richard Frethorne: A Letter from an Indentured Servant in Virginia (written in 1623; published in 1881)
The First Records of Anglo-American Colonization
From The Life and Times of Sir Walter Raleigh
Compose a brief essay of at least 400 words but no more than 600 words (not including your references list) on the following topic, referring to and critiquing relevant ideas from at least three of the Week 9 readings as you develop your thoughts:
Immigration, legal and illegal, is becoming a highly charged emotional issue in America’s political landscape. Yet, as ‘Baby Boomers’ retire, birthrates indicate that American citizens are not reproducing at a rate sufficient to replace these retiring workers. A concern is that fewer domestic workers will cause our economy to shrink. Another concern is that tens of thousands of children and teenagers, fleeing poverty and violence in Central and South America, are congregating on America’s southern border.
Figure 1: Source http://www.pewsocialtrends.org/2012/05/17/explaini…
As we near the 2016 Presidential election cycle, the topic of immigration promises to become an issue in political campaigns at the Federal, State and local levels.
Some suggest that the solution to illegal immigration is a legal immigration policy that is enforced and that efficiently addresses the future needs of this country.
Some of the complexity of this issue includes the availability of labor, a lack of high skill versus an abundance of low skill workers, STEM and student visas, temporary work visas for agriculture workers, amnesty for the ~11.5 million undocumented immigrants currently residing in this nation, and ending “chain immigration.”
To complete this assignment, use the assigned course readings as well as your own research. As you know, students need to be careful when researching information. Please be certain that any external source you use in this course is legitimate and accurate. If you are uncertain whether a source is credible, ask. Be certain to properly identify your sources.
(HISTORY) Examine the conflict between the fact that the United States is a nation of immigrants and the hostility that is expressed toward each new group of immigrants who arrive here. Detail and discuss how this hostility has been overcome.
(ANALYSIS) In an effort to secure votes, both major political parties have immigration platforms. Examine each group’s proposals (there may be several: pick one and be certain to identify the sponsor). Between the two parties, which ideas are common? What are the ideas that differentiate these two groups?
(CRITICAL THINKING) Based upon the individual world-view you developed in the first five weeks of this course, identify the various issues and founding documents and ideas that bear upon a consideration of this topic and critique their importance in relation to this topic. Some values and rights may be in conflict with others. Critical thinking will help you establish what you believe is the relative weight each should have in reaching a resolution.
In an essay of no more than 600 words, synthesize what you have learned earlier this semester (equality, rule of law, States Rights, and so on), with your research to build a logical and non-emotional argument by which you are able to analyze and discuss this issue with some depth of insight.
What are the concerns regarding immigration? What are future issues that an immigration policy should address? Be certain to discuss the similarities and differences between the proposals of both parties. After carefully examining the proposals of both major parties, which, if any, proposal best addresses national concerns? Properly reference three of the assigned readings and include at least one, legitimate, external source in your composition.
Write in essay form (that is, in paragraphs, not in bullet points). Be as specific and precise as you can be. Use the Discussion Board Grading Rubric in the Assignments area to guide your thoughts on what constitutes a high-quality essay.
Important Assignment Guidelines: Not following these guidelines will have a negative impact on your grade for the week.
- Write in Arial font, size 14 (chosen from the drop-down menus on the create thread box in the Discussion Board forum), unless otherwise directed by your instructor.
- Reference specific ideas from at least the three of the assigned readings that illustrate these values. Always name the author whose ideas you are discussing (use the author’s full name the first time you refer to him/her; after that, identify authors by their last names).
- Provide in-text citations for all ideas, opinions, and facts derived from the course readings, whether you simply refer to them, paraphrase them (put them entirely into your own words), or quote them. Place the in-text citation at the end of your sentence but before the period that ends your sentence. The in-text citation should give the author’s last name (unless you’ve used it already in your sentence), the year of publication (if known), and the appropriate page number(s) from the reading (if page numbers are used in the online text of the essay). Do not use the title of the reading unless it does not have an author).
Here’s an example of a citation for the Thomas Paine reading for Week 1: (Paine, 1776).
Here’s an example of a citation for the John Locke reading for Week 2: (Locke, 1689, pp. 46-47).
- Provide a References list at the end of your essay that includes bibliographic references for every reading cited in your essay.
Note: Your references list does not count toward your minimum word count.
Center the word References (do not underline it, place it in quotation marks, or place it in bold or larger size font).
Present your references, listed alphabetically by author’s last name.
Follow APA formatting guidelines for your list. The Purdue Online Writing Lab (OWL) offers excellent detailed explanations of APA Format requirements. This is the URL for the Purdue OWL:
Note: This URL can also be found in the External Links area our course’s Cyber-active site.
Here is an example of a references list entry:
Locke, J. (1689). Of the beginning of political societies. In Two treatises
of government (Chapter VIII). Retrieved from
Note1: The first line of the reference begins at the left margin. All
subsequent lines should be indented one tab.
Note 2: Do not include bibliographic references for any reading not
cited in your essay.
5. The goal of the assignment is not to determine the “right answer.” In this assignment, students are encouraged to research current immigration platforms and ideas.
The assigned readings were chosen to present students with opposing perspectives. The goal is to help students recognize and engage the intellectual tension, competing truths, that these issues present.
Our world is complicated and students are best served when they seek the truth and challenge their own dogmatic truths.
As noted author H.L. Menken wrote, “For every complex problem there is an answer that is clear, simple and wrong.”
Mass immigration from Europe:
Julie Redstone: “Message of the Statue of Liberty”
Henry Cabot Lodge: “For Immigration Restrictions”
The Japanese experience:
“Japanese Americans & the U.S. Constitution
The Latino experience:
“A Different Mirror: A Conversation with Ronald Takaki”
Immigration and Economics:
Greenstone and Looney: “Ten Economic Facts about Immigration”
Reactions to September 11th events:
George Bush: “Statement by the President in His Address to the Nation”