Fred is an 83-year-old male who is being admitted to the medical-surgical unit status post fall. He is alert and oriented and reports that while visiting a local casino with his wife Margaret earlier this evening he tripped over a curb and fell landing on his right side. After receiving morphine in the emergency room prior to transfer to your unit Fred is rating his pain at 6/10. He has multiple bruises from his jawbone to his knee as well as a slight rotation of his right leg.
Past medical history includes: myocardial infarction (MI) x 2 peripheral vascular disease (PVD) with bilateral iliac stents non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) sleep apnea and degenerative joint disease.
Medications include: aspirin Plavix Lopressor Lisinopril and Metformin.
After reviewing the above scenario please answer the following questions.