The Photography of Alfred Stieglitz

These are discussion board topics; only need a brief response (1 or 2 paragraphs)

Part one:

Google provides a good feature for users to focus on scholarly literature. It is called Google Scholar, available at (

Through Google Scholar, we can find scholarly sources from one place on diverse subjects. It is just like a one-stop shopping. However, most of the sources found in Google Scholar are just citations or citations with abstracts. Some sources may include free full-text articles, and some others may include full-text but require passwords to get in. If you find only citations in Google Scholar without full-text, don’t give up. You can use the citation to search UMUC subscription databases to see if the full-text is available in any of the databases.

You can visit this website ( to find the detailed explanations how you can search in Google Scholar.

Part two:

Open Assess Journals are published or supported by academic institutions such as universities or research agencies instead of commercial publishers, but open access journals still follow peer review standards and procedures applicable to conventional scholarly journals. Open access journals are free for readers, but not free for authors or producers. Publishing an article in an open access journal still costs money. The costs include payment for peer-reviewers, data processing, the server space and so on. Authors may sometimes have to pay the processing fee to an open access publisher or their institutions may subsidize the publishing of their works. Open access removes price barriers for readers such as subscriptions or licensing fees, but it is still compatible with copyright, peer-review, preservation, prestige, quality, and other features associated with conventional scholarly publications. Legally, open access publishing is based on the consent of the copyright holder or expiration of copyright. Technologically, free and open-source software makes open access publications economically sustainable [2].

The website of The Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ) ( is the most thorough and authoritative site to OA journals. This site was first set up and has been maintained at Lund University in Sweden. Up to now DOAJ has already obtained 10,450 scholarly journals. The journals indexed in DOAJ conduct peer review and have ISSNs (International Standard Serial Number), and a majority of articles in each journal are full-text research papers. Whenever you have time, you may visit this site and browse the journals on it. You can definitely use articles published in OA journals for your papers or projects in any UMUC courses or your future career.

1 Budapest Open Access Initiative [Internet]. [cited 2013 May 1]. Available from:

2 Suber, P. Open access overview [Internet]. [last modified 2013 April 2; cited 2013 May 1]. Available from

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